In the spring of 1919, the Republic of the Soviets encountered a pressing need to defend against the encircling enemy, mobilize all its resources and forces to defend the proletariat’s conquests. The prime defenders of the proletariat republic were the Red Army and its most important agitation and propaganda resource was the military poster. Its distinctive feature was the strict compliance with a specific task. Along with agitation pieces, the artists created posters with important military texts and short poems. Such posters were not meant to solve any single task, being instead instruments of political and martial education.
After the end of the Civil War, when the influence of the armed forces was on the rise, the character of posters changed. Government propaganda, including poster art, never stopped. Poster artists used simple, easy to understand language when addressing workers and Farmers, mostly short political slogans, such as "Strengthen Our Defenses!". The army and the navy were continuously replenished with aircraft, tanks, vehicles and warships built on membership fees from voluntary societies and government lottery proﬁts.
The early 1930s were a time of universal military training and the strengthening of the commanding staff. In those years, one of the main tasks of poster art was to demonstrate the combat strength of the armed forces by means of showing military equipment parades, aircrafts and Navy ships. As part of the preparation for the new USSR constitution and the increase of categories of people to be recruited into the armed forces, the poster artists were tasked with revealing the national nature of the invincible Red Army and one of the topics was "Army and Children".
After the victorious conclusion of the Great Patriotic War, the theme of protecting the country and the peaceful labor of the Soviet people was reflected in holiday posters for the February celebration and the celebrations of the various armed forces. As the military confrontation with NATO escalated and the Soviet Army and Navy were equipped with effective new weaponry, military posters began using two staple images — the cheerful Soviet ﬁghter and the courageous ofﬁcer — the skilled and reliable defenders of the Motherland, constantly standing guard its borders.